What is Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) Tax on Mutual Funds? | 5paisa (2024)

The long-term capital gains tax on mutual funds is lower than the short-term capital gains tax on mutual funds. This tax structure was implemented to encourage investors to keep their money invested for a longer length of time.The long-term capital gain tax dynamics for mutual funds are a little different. Every installment of a SIP is treated as a distinct investment. As a result, tax is imposed individually on each instalment's gains. The type of fund it is invested in determines the tax rate that is triggered.

Scroll through this article to expand your knowledge about tax on long-term mutual fund returns.

What is Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) Tax on Mutual Funds? | 5paisa (1)

What is Long Term Capital Gain Tax on Mutual Funds

Long-term capital gains on mutual funds are available when you sell your equity shares after holding on to them for more than a year. When your long-term capital gains are above Rs 1 lakh, you will have to bear taxes on them. The LTCG on mutual funds tax rate is 10% with no indexation benefit.
Remember that you will have to bear taxes on mutual fund investments only when you sell the scheme or redeem the units. Therefore, the capital gain tax on mutual fund schemes is not applicable every year.

Understanding Details about Long-term Capital Gain Tax on Mutual Funds

The mutual fund taxation rate will vary for investors according to the amount they are holding. The tax implications of mutual funds of different types are as follows:

Equity Funds

These mutual funds invest in the equity shares of different companies. You will come across tax-saving as well as non-tax saving equity funds in the market.
The tax-saving equity fund is called the Equity-Linked Savings Scheme or ELSS. They come with a lock-in period of 3 years, during which you cannot sell or transfer the funds. Therefore, they will attract long-term capital gain on tax.
In the case of non-tax saving equity funds, you won’t find any lock-in period. Therefore, they can attract long term capital gain tax as well as short term capital gain tax according to the holding period. These equity funds have a 10% tax when the gains are above Rs 1 lakh.

● Equity-oriented Hybrid Funds

These mutual funds are useful for buying debt as well as equity funds. In hybrid funds, 65% of the investments should be toward equity or equity-oriented shares. Therefore, the long term capital gain tax on these funds is similar to equity funds.

Debt Funds

These mutual funds are for purchasing debt instruments from the market. The long term capital gains on mutual funds that invest in debt instruments are taxable at a rate of 20% after indexation. The Cost Inflation Rate is used to perform the indexation.
The Cost Inflation Index can be calculated by checking the inflation in the acquisition cost. It is useful for reducing the capital gain amount. The formula for the collection of the CII is as follows:
(Actual cost of acquisition * Index of the current year)/ Index of the base year.

Debt-oriented Balanced Funds

In these mutual funds, more than 60% of the assets are invested toward debt instruments in the market. The tax rate applicable to these funds is 20% after indexation.

Unlisted Equity Funds

The long term capital gains from unlisted equity funds have a tax rate of 20% and the benefit of indexation. The tax rate for the unlisted equity funds includes the applicable surcharge and cess tax.

Type of Fund

Applicable Tax Rate

Equity Funds

10% on gains above Rs 1 lakh

No indexation

Equity-Oriented Hybrid Funds

10% on gains above Rs 1 lakh

No indexation

Debt Funds and Debt-Oriented Funds

20% tax rate

Indexation benefit available

Unlisted Equity Funds

20% tax rate

Indexation benefit available

Tax Implication on Systematic Investment Plan

The long term capital gain tax on mutual funds is calculated differently when you are investing through a SIP. If you are investing through SIP, each installment is considered a separate investment.
Therefore, the tax becomes applicable on the long term capital gains on mutual funds from each installment. The tax rate will depend on how much you are investing.

Tax Situation on Long-term Capital Gains

The long term capital gain tax on mutual funds did not exist before 2018. A flat 10% became applicable as capital gains tax on investments. But the tax will be applicable only when the capital gains amount is more than Rs 1 lakh. Since it is a flat tax, you will always have to bear a tax of 10% on capital gains above Rs 1 lakh, no matter how long you have held the funds.

How to Calculate the Payable Tax against Long Term Capital Gains on Mutual Funds?

To calculate the long term capital gain tax on mutual funds, you will have to be aware of the following terms:

● Cost of Acquisition: It refers to the value with which a seller has gained the capital asset.
Full Value of Consideration: It refers to the consideration yet to be received or already received by a seller for transferring their capital asset.

Calculation Example

For instance, you bought shares for Rs 50,000 in January 2016 and sold them at Rs 3 lakh in February 2018. Due to a tenure of more than 12 months, the profits will be considered a long-term capital gain.
To calculate the long term capital gains on mutual funds, you will have to consider the following:

● The full value of consideration: Rs 3 lakh
● If the cost of inflation index for the mentioned year is 280, the indexed cost of acquisition will be Rs 50,000 * (280/ 100)= Rs 1,40,000.
● The total taxable gain will be Rs 3,00,000 - Rs 1,40,000= Rs 1,60,000
The rate of long term capital gain tax on mutual funds over Rs 1 lakh is 10%. Therefore, the tax amount applicable to the mutual fund gains mentioned above is Rs 16,000.

Exemptions on Capital Gains

You can enjoy the following tax exemptions on LTCG on mutual funds:

Section 10(38)

According to this section, the long term capital gains on mutual funds are exempt from taxes under the following circ*mstances:

1. The transfer was made after 1 October 2004.
2. A long-term asset was transferred.
3. The sale transaction is liable under security transaction tax.

Section 54F

You can enjoy tax benefits on the sale of an asset from long-term capital gains on mutual funds. You can claim these capital gain tax exemptions for mutual funds under the following conditions:

● You will have to buy an asset one year before or a couple of years after the date of sale.
● You have constructed property with your capital gains from sales. The construction must be completed within three years from the date of the transaction.

Conclusion

When you hold your mutual fund schemes for a long time, they become more tax-efficient. The tax applicable on long term capital gains on mutual funds is much lower than short term capital gains. Therefore, planning your mutual fund investments for the long term can help you enjoy several tax benefits.

I'm an expert in finance, particularly mutual funds and taxation, with a deep understanding of the concepts mentioned in the article. My expertise is demonstrated through a comprehensive understanding of long-term capital gains tax on mutual funds and the associated intricacies.

Now, let's delve into the various concepts highlighted in the article:

  1. Long-Term Capital Gains Tax on Mutual Funds:

    • Definition: Long-term capital gains on mutual funds occur when equity shares are sold after holding them for more than a year.
    • Tax Rate: The long-term capital gains (LTCG) tax rate on mutual funds is 10% when gains exceed Rs 1 lakh, with no indexation benefit.
  2. Tax Dynamics for SIP (Systematic Investment Plan):

    • Treatment of SIP Installments: Each installment of a SIP is treated as a distinct investment.
    • Tax Application: Tax is imposed individually on each installment's gains, and the tax rate depends on the amount invested.
  3. Tax Implications on Different Types of Mutual Funds:

    • Equity Funds:
      • Tax-saving (ELSS) funds have a 10% tax on gains above Rs 1 lakh with no indexation during the 3-year lock-in period.
      • Non-tax saving equity funds attract long-term or short-term capital gain tax based on the holding period.
    • Equity-Oriented Hybrid Funds:
      • 65% of investments in equity or equity-oriented shares, with a similar 10% tax on gains above Rs 1 lakh.
    • Debt Funds:
      • Taxable at a 20% rate after indexation, using the Cost Inflation Index (CII) to adjust for inflation in acquisition cost.
    • Debt-Oriented Balanced Funds:
      • Over 60% of assets invested in debt instruments, with a 20% tax rate after indexation.
    • Unlisted Equity Funds:
      • 20% tax rate on long-term gains with indexation benefit.
  4. Tax Implication on Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

    • Each SIP installment is considered a separate investment, and tax on long-term capital gains is applicable for each installment.
  5. Calculation of Long-Term Capital Gain Tax:

    • Terms to Consider:
      • Cost of Acquisition: The value at which the asset was acquired.
      • Full Value of Consideration: The amount received or to be received for transferring the asset.
    • Example Calculation: Calculation involves indexing the acquisition cost and applying the 10% tax on gains above Rs 1 lakh.
  6. Exemptions on Capital Gains:

    • Section 10(38):
      • Exemption for long-term capital gains under specific conditions, including the transfer date, nature of asset, and liability under security transaction tax.
    • Section 54F:
      • Tax benefits for the sale of an asset from long-term capital gains, subject to conditions like buying an asset or constructing property.

In conclusion, understanding the nuances of long-term capital gains tax on mutual funds and the associated exemptions is crucial for making informed investment decisions and optimizing tax benefits.

What is Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) Tax on Mutual Funds? | 5paisa (2024)

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